|See Also||Botanical Monographs|
- Common Names: Fennel, Sweet fennel (var. dulce), Bitter fennel (var. vulgare)
- Family: Apiaceae (Umbelliferae)
- Habitat: Foeniculum vulgare is native to the Mediterranean but is cultivated and naturalized elsewhere. It prefers well-drained soil in sunny locations.
- Parts Used: Seeds (medicinal), herb, fresh bulb (culinary)
- Constituents: Volatile oil, flavonoids, coumarins, sterols, fixed oil, sugars
- Medicinal Actions: carminative/stomachic, aromatic, antiemetic, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, expectorant, hepatic, mild stimulant, slightly estrogenic, galactagogue, diuretic, orexigenic
Foeniculum vulgare was once used for snake bites and as an antidote to witchcraft. It has also been used for weight loss, longevity, and to promote lactation.
- Other Conditions
- Kidney stones, teething, sore eyes (eyewash), agalorrhea, catarrh of the upper respiratory tract
The information provided is intended to augment the treatment from a naturopathic doctor or other trained medical professional. Although most herbs are generally safe, it is recommended that you avoid self-prescribing especially when there is an underlying ongoing medical condition, if you are on any prescription medications or if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
Formulations and Preparation
- Infusion - 1-2 tsp/cup three times daily, or before meals for flatulence
- Generally regarded as safe.
- Side-effects are limited but may include allergic hypersensitivity to Apiaceae (empirical), photosensitizing effects, fresh plant may cause contact dermatitis, lactation (in medicinal amounts).
- Cautions and Contraindications: avoid use of oil in liver disease, alcoholism, while breast feeding, or during the use of acetaminophen; pregnancy due to emmenagogue action (empirical), essential oil use with infants or small children under 2 y.o.a. (speculative), prolonged use (speculative), acid reflux (speculative)
- Drug-Herb Interactions are rare.
- Boon Heather, Smith Michael (2009) 55 Most Common Medicinal Herbs: The Complete Natural Medicine Guide Second Edition Institute of Naturopathic Education and Research, CCNM Toronto.
- Godfrey Anthony, Saunders Paul, Barlow Kerry, Gowan Matt (2011) Principles and Practices of Naturopathic Botanical Medicine, Advanced Botanical Medicine. V3 CCNM Press, Toronto.
- Stargrove Mitchell Bebell, Treasure Jonathan, McKee Dwight L (2008) Herb, Nutrient and Drug Interactions: Clinical Implications and Therapeutic Strategies.
- Brinker Francis (1997) Herbal Contraindications and Drug Interactions: Plus Herbal Adjuncts With Medicines, 4th Edition Eclectic Medical Publications.