Urinary Environmental Pollutants
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Chronic exposure to environmental pollutants is a growing concern in today's industrialized society. Environmental chemicals have been linked to a variety of pathologies including neuropsychological and neuropsychological dysfunction, leukopenia, dyspnea, anemia, and certain cancers, to name a few.
The environmental pollutants generally assessed in a urinary environmental pollutants tests include the metabolites of:
- Xylene metabolites: 2-Methylhippurate, 3-Methylhippurate
- Toluene metabolites: Hippurate
- Benzene and trimethybenzene metabolites: t,t -Muconic Acid and 3,4-Dimethylhippurate
- Styrene metabolites: Mandelate, Mandelate + Phenylglyoxylate, Phenylglyoxylate
- Parabens metabolites: Para-Hydroxybenzoate
- Phthalates metabolites: Monoethyl Phthalate, Phthalic Acid
- Other pollutant metabolites: Quinolinate
The procedure for a urinary environmental pollutants tests may vary based on the specific lab. The general guidelines are as follows:
- Pre-testing requirements
- 2 to 4-days prior to the test specific supplements and/or medications may need to be avoided, such as creatine supplements.
- 48 hours prior to the test the following foods may need to be avoided: foods or supplements containing sorbic acid/sorbate or benzoic acid/sodium benzoate as preservatives.
- Avoid excess fluid intake after evening meal.
- A urinary metabolic profile should not be done by women during menses or if a person has a urinary tract infection.
- Urine Test
- First morning urine specimen in a urine cup
- If using an Collection Strip - place the absorbent pad portion of Collection Strip into the cup which contains the first morning urine, and leave it inside the cup for one minute to ensure complete saturation. To avoid contamination, do not touch absorbent pad. Allow the pad to dry and then place in the bag or envelope provided.
- If sending urine samples in a tube, the tubes may be required to be shipped frozen to the lab.
- Courier to the lab for assessment
- The turnaround time is between 2 to 4 weeks.
A urinary tests of heavy metals is often associated with the following tests:
- Hair Mineral Analysis
- Heavy Metal Urine Test
- Urinary Metabolic Profile
- Urinary Essential Elements
- Urinary Environmental Pollutants