From Health Facts
Latest Edit: Hector 2014-03-24 (EDT)
|See Also||Lab Tests|
- Prolactin is a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland and its primary role is to promote lactation or breast milk production.
- Prolactin levels are therefore usually high throughout pregnancy and just after childbirth.
- Men and non-pregnant women have only small amounts of prolactin in their blood.
- Fasting is preferred.
- Factors which can cause increased levels:
- Stresses from illness, Trauma, Fear of having blood test done
High levels indicate:
- Anorexia nervosa
- Hypothalamic diseases
- Kidney disease
- Nipple stimulation (moderate increase)
- Other pituitary tumors and diseases
- Polycystic ovarian syndrome
Low levels indicate:
- Drugs such as dopamine, levodopa, and ergot alkaloid derivatives
- Pagana Kathleen D, Pagana Timothy J (2006) Mosby's Manual of Diagnostic and Laboratory Tests, Mosby.
- Weatherby Dicken, Ferguson Scott (2002) Blood Chemistry and CBC Analysis: Clinical Laboratory Testing from a Functional Perspective, Bear Mountain.