Purine Diet

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Latest Edit: Hector 2014-03-13 (EDT)

See Also Naturopathic Therapies
See Also Clinical Nutrition

The purine content in food is determined by measuring the degree which a food contains uric acid, adenine, guanine, hypoxanthine and xanthine.[1] A low-purine diet is commonly used as part of naturopathic dietary recommendations.

Purine Rich Foods

  • Foods With a High Purine Level: includes organ meats such as heart, liver and kidney; herring; mussels; yeast; smelt; sardines and sweetbreads.
  • Foods With a Moderately High Purine Levels: includes anchovies, grouse, mutton, veal, bacon, salmon, turkey, partridge, trout, goose, haddock, pheasant, scallops.
  • Protein-rich vegetable-based meat substitutes might be generally accepted as meat alternatives for individuals on special diets. The type of protein used to manufacture these products determines the total content of purines, which is relatively higher in the case of mycoprotein or soybean protein, while appearing lower in wheat protein and egg white-based products. These are therefore more suitable for dietary considerations in a low-purine diet for hyperuricaemic subjects.[2]

Associated Conditions


  1. 1.0 1.1 Pizzorno Joseph, Murray Michael (1999) Textbook of Natural Medicine e-dition: Text with continually updated online reference, 2-volume set
  2. Havlik J, Plachy V, Fernandez J, Rada V (Nov 2010) Dietary purines in vegetarian meat analogues J Sci Food Agric;Vol.90(14):2352-7. PMID:20661929.
  3. Zhu WH, Fang LZ, Chen LY, Chen ZW, Dai HL, Chen JH (Mar 2010) Follow-up study of programmed intervention of hyperuricemia in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular morbid change Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi;Vol.90(10):662-6. PMID:20450723.
  4. Miao Z, Yan S, Wang J et al. (Oct 2009) Insulin resistance acts as an independent risk factor exacerbating high-purine diet induced renal injury and knee joint gouty lesions. Inflamm Res;Vol.58(10):659-68. PMID:19333726.
  5. Miggiano GA, Migneco MG (Jan-Feb 2007) Diet and nutrition in nephrolitiasis Clin Ter;Vol.158(1):49-54. PMID:17405659.
  6. Motrich RD, Olmedo JJ, Molina R, et al. (Mar 2006) Uric acid crystals in the semen of a patient with symptoms of chronic prostatitis. Fertil Steril;Vol.85(3):751 PMID:16500353.
  7. Schlesinger I, Schlesinger N (Sept 2008) Uric acid in Parkinson's disease. Movement Disord;23(12):1653-7. PMID: 18618666.