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Latest Edit: Hector 2014-03-13 (EDT)

See Also Naturopathic Therapies
See Also Clinical Nutrition

Vegetables in the family Brassicaceae (also called Cruciferae) are called cruciferous vegetables.


Cruciferous Foods

Article "Broccoli:Alternatives to Eating it Raw", NMJ, [1], 2011 October

Cruciferous foods include: arugula, bok choy, brocolli, brussel sprouts, cabbage, cassava root, chinese cabbage, cauliflower, daikon, horseradish, kale, mustard greens, radishes, rutabaga, rapeseed (canola), kohlrabi, spinach, sweet potatoe, turnips, wasabi.

Associated Conditions

The following are some of the conditions that benefit from cruciferous vegetables.

  • The consumption of cruciferous foods may be cancer- and chemopreventive.[1]
  • A protective effect of brassicas against cancer may be plausible due to their relatively high content of glucosinolates.[2]
  • Epidemiological evidence suggests that cruciferous vegetable consumption may reduce the risk only of gastric and lung cancers.[3]
  • Cruciferous vegetables may primarily be effective in early stages of prostate cancer.[4]
  • Small quantities of crucifer sprouts may protect against the risk of cancer as effectively as much larger quantities of mature vegetables of the same variety.[5]
  • Indole-3-carbinol, a compound found in brocolli, appears to be safe and well tolerated and may be an efficacious treatment for recurrent respiratory papillomatosis.[6]
  • Cruciferous vegetables such as kale juice can favorably influence serum lipid profiles and antioxidant systems, and hence contribute to reduce the risks of coronary artery disease.[7]


  • Cruciferous vegetables can potentially be goitrogenic.
  • Cooking for 30 minutes significantly reduces the goitrogenic action of these vegetables.


  1. Navarro SL, Peterson S, Chen C, et al. (Apr 2009) Cruciferous vegetable feeding alters UGT1A1 activity: diet- and genotype-dependent changes in serum bilirubin in a controlled feeding trial. Cancer Prev Res (Phila);Vol.2(4):345-52. PMID:19336732.
  2. van Poppel G, Verhoeven DT, Verhagen H, Goldbohm RA (1999) Brassica vegetables and cancer prevention. Epidemiology and mechanisms. Adv Exp Med Biol.;472:159-68. PMID: 10736624.
  3. Kim MK, Park JH (Feb 2009) Conference on "Multidisciplinary approaches to nutritional problems". Symposium on "Nutrition and health". Cruciferous vegetable intake and the risk of human cancer: epidemiological evidence. Proc Nutr Soc.;68(1):103-10. PMID: 19061536.
  4. Giovannucci E, Rimm EB, Liu Y, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC (Dec 2003) A prospective study of cruciferous vegetables and prostate cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev.;12(12):1403-9. PMID: 14693729.
  5. Fahey JW, Zhang Y, Talalay P (Sep 1997) Broccoli sprouts: an exceptionally rich source of inducers of enzymes that protect against chemical carcinogens. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A.;94(19):10367-72. PMID: 9294217.
  6. Rosen CA, Woodson GE, Thompson JW, Hengesteg AP, Bradlow HL (Jun 1998) Preliminary results of the use of indole-3-carbinol for recurrent respiratory papillomatosis. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg.;118(6):810-5. PMID: 9627242.
  7. Kim SY, Yoon S, Kwon SM, Park KS, Lee-Kim YC (Apr 2008) Kale juice improves coronary artery disease risk factors in hypercholesterolemic men. Biomed Environ Sci.;21(2):91-7. PMID: 18548846.