Inflammatory Bowel Disease

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Latest Edit: Hector 2013-09-03 (EDT)

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) refers to a group of digestive disorders that includes:

Article Inflammatory Bowel Disease, IHP, [1], June/July 2011
Article Inflammatory Bowel Disease Case Study, 2013 Summer;Vol20 (2) Vital Link

Dysbiosis of the intestinal microflora leading to increased inflammatory pathways in the colonic epithelial cells is thought to be an underlying cause of inflammatory bowel disease.[1] Ulcerative colitis is more common than Crohn’s in the United States and Western countries. These disease are two to four times more common in Caucasians over non-Caucasians and is rarely seen in Asia, Africa and South America..[1] [2], [3]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Murray Michael, Pizzorno Joseph (1998) Encyclopedia of Natural Medicine Three Rivers Press, New York
  2. Kumar Vinay, Abbas Abul, Fausto Nelson, Mitchell Richard, editors. (2007) Robbins Basic Pathology 8th Edition. Saunders Elselvier, Philidelphia
  3. Kaur N, Chen CC, Luther J, Kao JY (Jul-Aug 2011) Intestinal dysbiosis in inflammatory bowel disease. Gut Microbes;2(4):211-6. PMID: 21983063.