From Health Facts
Latest Edit: Hector 2014-03-13 (EDT)
|See Also||Naturopathic Therapies|
|See Also||Clinical Nutrition|
|Article||The Ketogenic Diet, NDNR , 2012 January|
The ketogenic diet involves:
- calorie-restricted diet with a fat to carbohydrate + protein ratio ranging from 2:1 to 5:1.
- restricted fluid intake
- The ketogenic diet can be considered an option for children with intractable epilepsy who use multiple antiepileptic drugs. It is a treatment of choice for seizures associated with glucose transporter protein deficiency syndrome (ie, De Vivo disease) and pyruvate dehydrogenase complex deficiency., 
- The ketogenic diet may benefit a wide variety of neurological diseases, including epilepsy, headache, neurotrauma, Alzheimer disease, Parkinson disease, sleep disorders, brain cancer, autism, pain, and multiple sclerosis.
- A combined ketogenic, Mediterranean diet and one with phytoextracts and low carbohydrates/high-protein leads to weight reduction, improvements in cardiovascular risk markers and reduction in waist circumference.
- Those undergoing the ketogenic diet must be monitor by a practitioner experienced in its use.
- Initiation of the diet may cause vomiting, hypoglycemia, or dehydration.
- Long-term problems may include moderate growth retardation, gallstones, acidosis or metabolic abnormalities, recurrent infections, hypercholesterolemia, hyperuricemia, vitamin deficiency, and feeding problems.
- The ketogenic diet and anticonvulsant drugs have both been found to have an adverse effect on bone density.
- Gaby, AR (2011) Nutritional Medicine. Fritz Perlberg Publishing.
- Rogovik AL, Goldman RD (Jun 2010) Ketogenic diet for treatment of epilepsy. Can Fam Physician.;56(6):540-2. PMID: 20547519.
- Stafstrom CE, Rho JM (2012) The ketogenic diet as a treatment paradigm for diverse neurological disorders. Front Pharmacol.;3:59. PMID: 22509165.
- Paoli A, Cenci L, Grimaldi KA (Oct 2011) Effect of ketogenic Mediterranean diet with phytoextracts and low carbohydrates/high-protein meals on weight, cardiovascular risk factors, body composition and diet compliance in Italian council employees. Nutr J.;10:112. PMID: 21992535.