|See Also||Naturopathic Therapies|
|See Also||Clinical Nutrition|
Vegetarian diets are based on cereals, pulses, nuts and seeds, vegetables, and fruits, and may often include dairy products and eggs. In general, it is lower in saturated fat and higher in starch, NSP, fruits and vegetables than a non-vegetarian diet.
As mentioned previously, a vegetarian diet includes:
- Cereals, pulses, nuts and seeds, vegetables, fruits, and may include dairy products and eggs.
- A lacto-ovo-vegetarian diet excludes any meat, poultry, and fish, but does include dairy products and eggs.
- Vegans do not consume any foods of animal origin.
- Unless otherwise specified, reference to vegetarians means lacto-ovo-vegetarians.
- A vegetarian diet has been used to lower systolic blood pressure in individuals with mild hypertension.
- It can also help to reduce the risk of developing diabetes.
- The vegetarian diet has been used to reduce the incidence of Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) and has also been found to protect against cancers of the colo-rectum, breast, and prostate.
- Key, TJ, Davey, GK, and Appleby, PN (1999)Health benefits of a vegetarian diet. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 58:271-275.
- Margetts, BM, Beilin, LJ, Vandongen, R, Armstrong, BK (1986) Vegetarian diet in mild hypertension: a randomized controlled trial. British Medical Journal, 293(6):1468-1471.
- Snowdon, DA, and Phillips, RL (1985) Does a vegetarian diet reduce the occurrence of diabetes. AJPH, 75(5):507-512.