Psoriatic arthritis is an autoimmune condition that is characterized by the presence of both psoriasis and inflammatory arthritis. It involves the spine and peripheral joints and has been found to occur in 5-10% of the population who have psoriasis.,
- 1 Naturopathic Assessment
- 2 Characteristics
- 3 Naturopathic Treatment
- 4 References
In order to stimulate the innate ability of the body to heal the causes of disease must be identified and addressed. With psoriatic arthritis, the causes are variable and include lifestyle and environmental factors. A detailed assessment is required to determine which factors are contributing to psoriatic arthritis.
- Pre-existing Psoriasis
- Among 5-30% of individuals with psoriasis have been found to develop psoriatic arthritis.
- Mental Emotional Health
- Emotional stress may exacerbate and increase the risk of psoriasis
- Bacterial infection such as a streptococcal infection has been found to be a trigger
- Injury to the skin such as a skin infection, skin inflammation, or excessive scratching has been found to be associated with psoriasis
- Prescription Medications
- Drugs such as Lithium, beta-blockers, and antimalarials can aggravate psoriasis
- Immune system
- Certain changes to the immune system, such as a decrease in the number of helper T cells in people with AIDS (HIV infection) can play a role in the development and progression of psoriasis
- A diagnosis of psoriatic arthritis requires the presence of psoriatic skin disease. However, the arthritis may precede or occur at the same time as the akin disease.
- The Classification Criteria for Psoriatic Arthritis (CASPAR criteria) may assist in making a diagnosis.
- diagnostic laboratory tests currently exist specifically for psoriatic arthritis. The tests that are done are mainly to rule out other possible diagnoses. These test include Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), Rheumatoid factor (RF), HLA-B*27 test, and Uric acid test.
- Radiologic findings may also suggest inflammatory arthritis, some of which are particular to psoriatic arthritis.
Related Symptoms and Conditions
Conditions associated with Psoriatic arthritis or that predispose a person to the disease include:
Psoriatic arthritis is an inflammatory disease that involves the spine and the peripheral joints. It is characteristically asymmetric and can involve five or more joints, displaying 'sausage digits' or dactylitis.
Symptoms associated with psoriatic arthritis include:
- Rash; skin or scalp lesions
- Morning stiffness and lethargy
- Pain, heat, and joint tenderness (often restricting hand dexterity)
- Back stiffness and pain
- Nail lesions (occur in 90% of patients with psoriatic arthritis)
- Complaints of hand or foot deformity
- Painful, red eyes
The goal of naturopathic treatment is to support and work in tandem with the healing power of the body and to address the causal factors of disease with individual treatment strategies. Psoriatic arthritis is typically a chronic disease.
It is always advisable to work with a naturopathic doctor before engaging in any treatment plan.
Home Care strategies include:
- Moisturizing: This prevents the skin from dyring, cracking, and bleeding.
- Bathing: Immersing yourself in water or applying a wet compress to affected areas can help rehydrate dry skin and reduce itching and redness of lesions. As well, it can help ease joint stiffness.
- Humidifying: Dry indoor air is associated with dry skin. Therefore, having a humidifier indoors can help prevent humidity.
- Avoiding personal care products: Avoid harsh soaps or irritating skin products that can exacerbate Psoriasis
Lifestyle recommendations include:
- Identify and control food allergies and food sensitivities
- Avoid excess consumption of animal products with the exception of cold water fish (salmon, mackerel, herring, halibut etc.). Animal fat contains arachidonic acid, which is converted into inflammatory prostaglandins in the body. The consumption of cold water fish promotes the production of the non-inflammatory series three prostaglandins, which decrease the body’s inflammatory response to allergens.
- Engage in low intensity exercises with awareness of joint preservation techniques. Be advised to not use a painful joint or to overuse a fatigued joint. During remissions, ensure joints are kept as active as possible.
- Breathing Deep breathing or meditation can help reduce stress and in turn, reduce flareups
- Sleep Adequate sleep is necessary to maintain a robust immune system
- Rest and Relaxation are important to prevent overexertion and progression of psoriatic arthritis
The prescribing of naturopathic therapies requires the guidance of a naturopathic doctor as it depends on a number of factors including the causal factors, a person's age, prescription medications, other conditions and symptoms and overall health. It is always advisable to work with a naturopathic doctor prior to taking any natural therapies.
- Clinical Nutritional Supplementation includes
- Herbs such as Curcuma longa, Urtica dioica
- Gaby, Alan R. (2011)Nutritional Medicine, Fritz Perlberg Publishing, Concord, NH
- Psoriatic arthritis: MD Consult, Retrieved February 13, 2014 from http://ezproxy.ccnm.edu:2066/das/pdxmd/body/437832117-2/0?type=med&eid=9-u1.0-_1_mt_1014911&tab=P
- Boehncke, W.H., Boehncke, S.(2013)Comorbidities in psoriatic arthritis,Zeitschrift fur Rheumatologie;72(8):779-783
- Harvima, R.J., Viinamaki, H., Harvima, I.T., Naukkarinen, A., Savolainen, L., Aalto, M.L., Horsmanheimo, M.(1996)Association of psychic stress with clinical severity and symptoms of psoriatic patients,Acta dermato- venereologica;76(6):467-71.
- Muto, M., Date, Y., Ichimiya, M., Moriwaki, Y., Mori, K., Kamikawaji, M., Kimura, A., Sasazuki, T., Asagami, C.(1996)Significance of antibodies to streptococcal M protein in psoriatic arthritis and their association with HLA-A*0207,Tissue Antigens;48(6):645-650
- Wolf, R., Ruocco, V.(1999)Triggered psoriasis,Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology;455:221-225
- Arnett, F.C., Reveille, J.D., Duvic, M.(1991)Psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis associated with human immunodeficiency virus infection,Rheumatic Diseases Clinics of North America;17(1):59-78
- Wu, S., Li, W.Q., Han, J., Sun, Q., Qureshi, A.A.(2014)Hypercholesterolemia and Risk of Incident Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis in US Women,Arthritis & Rheumatology;66(2):304-310
- Love, T.J., Zhu, Y., Zhang, Y., Wall-Burns, L., Ogdie, A., Gelfand, J.M., Choi, H.K.(2012)Obesity and the risk of psoriatic arthritis: a population-based study,Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases;71(8):1273-1277
- Murray Michael (1996) Encyclopedia of Nutritional Supplements, The Essential Guide for Improving Your Health Naturally Prima Publishing