From Health Facts
Stress refers to any disturbance that causes an individual to undergo a stress response - a release of epinephrine and other stress hormones, often described as the flight or fight response. Although a necessary aspect of survival, uncontrolled or abnormal levels of stress have known detrimental affects on health. It is estimated that between 75-90 of visits to primary care physicians are due to stress or the effects of stress.
|Causes||Dietary Factors, Lack of movement, Social relationships|
|See Also||Mental/Emotional or Psychological Conditions|
|Books||Books on Mental / Emotional Health|
|Articles||Articles on Mental/Emotional or Psychological Conditions|
|Check out this book||Stress Free Living – 222 Ways to Live Stress Free|
|Check out this book||Stress, Anxiety and Insomnia- What the Drug Companies Won't Tell You and Your Doctor Doesn't Know|
|Check out this book||The Complete Doctor's Stress Solution: Understanding, Treating and Preventing Stress-Related Illnesses|
In order to stimulate the innate ability of the body to heal the causes of disease must be identified and addressed. Stress can be initiated or aggravated by a variety of stimuli, which may include lifestyle and social factors. A detailed assessment is required to determine which factors are contributing to stress in order to properly achieve stress reduction.
- Marital, family, and job-related relationships can be major stressors. Effective communication strategies can help to decrease conflict and reduce the risk for increasing chronic stress.
- Time Management
- Individuals who feel over-committed experience higher levels of stress. Setting priorities, and improving organization skills can help prevent increased stress.
- Direct exposure to natural settings has been shown to decrease physiological markers of stress. Spending time in nature can help individuals cope with exposure to stressors, and prevent development of a chronic stress state.
- Significant Life Events
- Life events that are particularly impactful may lead to increased levels of chronic stress. Events such as occupation change, termination of a relationship, death of a close family member, change in financial state, change in living habits, marital strife, or legal trouble can lead to elevated stress levels.
- The increased physiological and psychological burden associated with surgery can increases the stress response.
The evaluation of an individual with stress is based largely on clinical presentation, medical history, and relevant interview.
Related Symptoms and Conditions
Conditions related to stress include:
- The Stress Response
- Within seconds following a stressor, norepinephrine is released from nerve endings, followed quickly by epinephrine and norepinephrine release from the adrenals. In the following minutes to hours a complex interaction between the nervous and endocrine system occurs. Perhaps most importantly, cortisol is released from the adrenal gland in response to stress, and is the factor implicated in the many detrimental effects of chronic stress. Due to the ability of cortisol to adversely affect circadian rhythms, the affects of stress are evident long after the removal of the original stressor.
- Physiologic Consequences
- The intricate interplay between the neurological and endocrine systems in response to stress has many different physiologic consequences including:
- Decreased function of the immune system
- Decreased digestive function
- Altered endocrine function
- Changes in mood and behaviour
The symptoms of stress depend on an individual's response to stressors and the specific triggers at any time. When individuals response positively and are able to cope, stress can be considered healthy. However, when individuals are not capable of coping with the amount or frequency of stress they encounter, negative coping strategies and symptomatic presentations occur.
Common symptoms of elevates levels of stress include:
Common symptoms of the acute stress response include:
- Increased heart rate
- Increased respiration rate
- Increased perspiration
- Decreased digestive function
It is always advisable to work with a naturopathic doctor before engaging in any treatment plan.
Home Care strategies include:
- Time management strategies and ensuring that you don't plan too many activities or tasks within a day can assist in decreased feelings of stress.
- Many people are aware that they are stressed, but are not exactly sure why. Writing tasks down and the impact they had on you can be helpful in figuring out what is truly causing you stress. Once you know the source of the stress it is easier to figure out how to decrease it.
Lifestyle recommendations include:
- Physical exercise has been demonstrated to be one of the best forms of stress management.
- Meditation and other breathing techniques have been found to greatly reduce stress levels.
- Stress management programs may include meditation, relaxation techniques, and stress innoculation may help to reduce overall stress load, and an individual's response to stressors.
The prescribing of naturopathic therapies requires the guidance of a naturopathic doctor as it depends on a number of factors including the causal factors, a person's age, prescription medications, other conditions and symptoms and overall health. It is always advisable to work with a naturopathic doctor prior to taking any natural therapies.
Naturopathic Therapies for stress include:
- Herbs such as Korean Ginseng, Siberian Ginseng, Withania or Ashwaganda (Withania somnifera), Rhodiola ( Rhodiola rosea), Licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra), Waterhyssop (Bacopa monnieri), Valerian (Valeriana officinalis), Passionflower (Passiflora incarnata), Chamomile (Matricaria recutita), Hops (Humulus lupulus), Gotu kola (Centella asiatica), Kava-kava (Piper methysticum), Lemon Balm (Melissa officinale), Skullcap (Scutellaria lateriflora), Jujube (Zizyphus jujuba).
- Homeopathy can be effective in the treatment and management of stress.
- Acupuncture has been found to decrease the impact of stress on the body.
- Increased exposure to early morning sunlight (6-8am) is recommended in cases when stress affects sleep and circadian rhythm.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Head KA, Kelly GS (2009) Nutrients and Botanicals for Treatment of Stress: Adrenal Fatigue, Neurotransmitter Imbalance, Anxiety, and Restless Sleep. Alt Med Rev 14(2):114-140
- ↑ 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 Murray MT, Pizzorno JE (2006) Pizzorno Textbook of Natural Medicine 3rd ed Chap 62 Stress Management Elsevier.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 Hoffman D (2003) Medical Herbalism: The Science and Practice of Herbal Medicine. Healing Arts Press
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Kelly GS (1999) Nutritional and Botanical Interventions to Assist with the Adaptation to Stress Alt Med Rev 4(4):249-65
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 Prousky Jonathan (2008) Principles and Practices of Naturopathic Clinical Nutrition. CCNM Press Inc.
- ↑ Chaitow, L (2008) Naturopathic Physical Medicine: Theory and Practice for Manual Therapists and Naturopaths Churchill Livingstone
- ↑ Chaitow L, Bradley D, and Gilbert C (2002) Multidisciplinary Approaches To Breathing Pattern Disorders Churchill Livingstone